The Relation Between Multiple Sclerosis and Pregnancy

Multiple sclerosis does not affect a woman’s pregnancy as well as the delivery of a healthy child. However, it can be very difficult for pregnant women to cope with both multiple sclerosis and the course of pregnancy. Based on researches, the second and third trimester of pregnancy can reduce the risk of having multiple sclerosis attacks or episodes. This is due to the fact that more hormones become active during the course of pregnancy.

However, some studies have also shown the increase of experiencing several attacks after giving birth. Neurologists found that women suffering from this disease usually experienced increased number of episodes after giving birth. For this, experts can counter the risk by prescribing intravenous immunoglobulin to the mother right after giving birth. Neurologists may also prescribed intravenous corticosteroid to serve the same purpose.

Various studies have shown that these medications can lower the risk of having relapses after giving birth. Research has also shown that babies born from parents who are afflicted with this will most likely develop the same condition but this is at 2% rate.

Managing Multiple Sclerosis and Pregnancy

If you are planning to raise a family but you are worried because you are suffering from multiple sclerosis, the best thing that you can do is to discuss it with your physician. Seek medical advice prior to getting pregnant so that you are aware of the risk factors, the possible consequences and the preventive measures that you can take to be able to manage multiple sclerosis and pregnancy. The visit with a physician should be done with your partner or you have to make sure that you let your partner know everything so that he can help you with your plans and in managing your condition. As mentioned, the condition may become worse after pregnancy so you have to make sure that you are financially ready for this prior to getting pregnant. (more…)

Hand Surgery Specialist and Transplants

A hand surgery specialist can perform many types of reparations and reconstructions on human hands. One of the techniques now being offered in some cases is an actual transplant. This is a very complicated operation that requires an expert in this field. It involves taking a donor forearm and hand and attaching it to a patient’s arm. The surgical specialist will need to reconnect nerves, muscles, bones, skin and blood pathways. This may be performed on a person who has suffered the loss of his or her own through an accident of some sort. Here are some things to know about this procedure.

Transplants are Complex

Transplantations are complex not only because of the surgery itself but because of multiple factors. For one thing, donors must align with the patients’ gender, size, complexion and blood type. A burly man would look odd with a feminine hand attached. The size wouldn’t match either and the visual result would be awkward. These donor limbs come from a person who has recently died and opted to be an organ donor or who gave his or her body to science. This is a generous gift, indeed, as it gives the living another chance in having a fuller life.

Another factor in these operations is making sure the patient’s body doesn’t reject the new appendage. One way a person stays well is by rejecting foreign objects or substances in the body. This is a way of maintaining homeostasis, another word for a stable self. Although the new fingers, thumb, palm and forearm are initially “foreign,” the goal is for the patient’s system to accept the transplanted parts as his or her own. This will be done via the use of immune system suppressing drugs. (more…)

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