HIV or human immunodeficiency virus is the prelude to AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome). It is an incurable disease, but it can be treated so the patients can live a long life. It is thought that 40,000 Americans are infected with this virus every year.
HIV typically spreads three different ways:
1. Sexual intercourse with a person who has HIV.
2. Using an infected needle or a syringe. This is the reason why so many drug addicts have the disease.
3. HIV can spread to infants from their mothers during childbirth or when nursing.
Many people who are infected are not sick and don’t even know they have the virus for over 10 years. So a person can transmit the disease to other people without knowing it. There aren’t usually any early symptoms of HIV. To diagnose HIV a person has to give a blood test. The development of antibodies that show you are infected can take from two weeks to few months. But the person can transmit the virus almost instantly once he has it. (more…)
Acquired Immune Deficiency (Aids) is a chronic and life threatening disease of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) that damages the immune system by killing off vital CD4+T cells. Genetic Research states that the disease originated in West Central Africa during the late 19th or early 20th century but was not recognized by the U.S. Center for Disease Control Prevention until 1981. HIV is spread through sexual contact, contaminated shared needles, pregnant women spread it to their unborn child and contact with infected blood. Knowledge of the disease can potentially save lives.
HIV is a lent virus which is a member of the retrovirus family that causes AIDS. When first infected with the virus, mild symptoms occur. These symptoms may or may not be recognizable but includes fever, headaches, sore throat, rash and swollen lymph glands. Swollen lymph glands/nodes are often the first sign of HIV infection but the best way to know if the virus has infected the bloodstream is to get tested. These symptoms usually last about two to four weeks at the initial stage of the virus into the bloodstream and typically go away until years later as the virus multiplies and begin to destroy the immune cells further if treatment is not sought after. That’s the significant reason of being tested regularly because early detection can help a person live a healthier life with the medication that’s on the market oppose to a person who has no knowledge that their living with the disease. If no treatment for the HIV infection is received, the disease will develop into AIDS in about ten years. This is solely due to the HIV process of eating away or destroying the CD4+T cells which are specific types of white blood cells that plays an important role in helping the body fight diseases. The more CD4+T cells that are killed, the weaker the immune system becomes. The normal CD4 cell count for a healthy immune is between 500 and 1000. Once the CD4+T cells drop below a life-threatening 200 per microliter, the diagnosis of HIV becomes a diagnosis of AIDS which then is the final stage of the virus and soon becomes the fatal state of the virus. (more…)