Colon is an important part of the human digestive system and the growth of malignant tissue in the colon is known as colon cancer. This type of cancer is very much dreaded and it can harm the digestive system a lot. It is a type of malignant tumor which can be formed from the inner wall of the large intestine. The tumor breaks down the tissues and therefore spreads into the other parts of the body.
The common symptoms of colon cancer are: constipation, abdominal pain, blood spots in the stool, diarrhea and any kind of unusual bowl movement. However, these are not the conclusive symptoms of this type of cancer as these can also be a symptom of common digestion related problem. In these cases, one must take the advice of any qualified health specialist and should tell the doctor about all the symptoms to facilitate faster as well as to have a proper diagnosis. Therefore, the doctor may prescribe the patient several examinations/tests for the accurate diagnose of colon cancer.
Tests to detect:
Most of the colon tests need empty bowl, so one need to go through some preparation before opting for the tests. Special type of X-Ray and colonoscopy which uses a colon scope and fiber-optic camera are used to diagnose the colon cancer. The tests can be painful as they need insertion of the substances or instruments through the anus to the colon of the patient. The detection procedure of colon cancer is also known as Gastrointestinal procedures or GI procedures. This procedure includes:
• Capsule Endoscopy- The capsule endoscopy is used to test the middle part of the gastrointestinal tract, specially the small intestine, which cannot be checked with a normal colonoscopy or endoscopy. In this procedure, the patient has to swallow a pill sized wireless camera. The pill goes through the small intestine of the patient, clicks pictures and therefore sends it to the recording device which is attached with the patient’s body. (more…)